Though India is amongst the
biggest milk producing countries of the world, still the average production of
per animal in India pales in comparison to the milk produced by other countries
in the world like New Zealand, Australia, USA, France etc and is a major area
of concern. According to a working report of Niti Aayog entitled- Demand and
Supply Projections onwards 2033 for agriculture and allied sectors “The overall
productivity of Dairy sector is low because of inadequate nutrition from green
fodder, along with dry residue and protein concentrate.
While for most of
the farmers’ dairy is a source of livelihood round the year, owing to poor
reproductive efficiency the economic returns from livestock trading is feeble.
Low reproductive efficiency arises from deficiency and/or imbalance of micro
and macro nutrients.
The technological interventions that are facilitating
evolution of agriculture as per the requirements of the market are also
happening in the realm of feed industry as well. The technical interventions
that the feed sector is expecting needs to focus on herd composition and their
data analysis, data pertaining to variations of supplement with stages of
lactation or season and sharing this data with the dairy practitioners and to
provide data pertaining to feeding standards of concentrate that would have an
effect on the quantity of milk produced.
National Dairy Development Board undertook a detailed
mineral mapping of different areas of the country sometimes ago and had
accordingly prepared a detailed mineral mixture recommendation for better
results in dairy industry in India.
However, very few practitioners are aware about existence
of such a mineral mixture map for each geographical area detailing the kind of
minerals that have to be provided to the animals along with the fodder. One size
does not fit all, but it continues to be the guiding principle as far as
providing mineral mixture is concerned, though there is detailed variation in
the quantum of minerals in feeds and fodder from one region to region. So, it
is necessary to produce region specific mineral mixture accordingly. This would
help in strengthening the cattle feed value chain which is vital for further
rapid growth of the dairy sector.
The challenge is to find out the optimum mixture as the
science of mixing of feed is quite complicated and the overriding concern
always is to obtain a standardised and homogeneous formulation that would lead
to optimal and consistent animal performance.
Coupled with the challenge of optimum mixture is also the
challenge of the quality component of the mix which also has an impact on the
qualitativeness and output of the milk. The basic ingredient that goes into
making of the feed to form an optimum mixture does not undergo a test, though
it needs to be done. Qualix aims to cater to this component and has solutions
that can determine the basic quality of the material used for making the
optimum mixture and can also certify the authenticity.
Standardised and homogenous formulation can now be facilitated to a great extent through the technology enabled solutions that match the mineral requirements of the animals. In case of animal feed value chain, it is more so imperative as the vertical and horizontal integration of various factors in production and distribution is evolving.